Asian Countries

Asian Countries

The countries of Asia form the largest and most populous continent in the world. These Asian countries are distributed in six regions full of particularities.

The countries of Asia form the largest continent in terms of territory and are home to the largest number of inhabitants among the continents. Together, these countries have a territory of more than 43 million km 2 and an additional 4 billion people live in them.

Among all the countries that make up the Asian continent, there are countries that have the largest areas in the world, high levels of human development, but also some that are underdeveloped. Therefore, we can say that Asian countries are quite diversified in terms of area, population, geography, economy, politics and culture.

Map of Asia

List of countries in Asia

The largest continent in the world is made up of 49 countries and among them some are considered transcontinental, that is, they belong to more than one continent. In addition, in Asia, there are also some dependencies, recognized international entities and territories that, although located on the continent, belong to countries located in others.

Countries Capitals
Afghanistan Kabul
Saudi Arabia Riad
Armenia* Yerevan
Azerbaijan* Baku
Bahrain Manama
Bangladesh Dhaka
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
Bhutan Possum
Cambodia Phnom Penh
Kazakhstan Nursultan
Qatar Doha
China Beijing
Cyprus* Nicosia
Singapore Singapore
North Korea Pyongyang
South Korea Seoul
Egypt* Cairo
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Philippines Manila
Georgia * Tbilisi
Yemen Sana
India New Delhi
Indonesia* Jakarta
Will Tehran
Iraq Baghdad
Israel Jerusalem
Japan Tokyo
Jordan Love
Kuwait Kuwait
Laos Vientiane
Lebanon Beirut
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Male
Myanmar Nay Puy Taw
Mongolia Ulan Bator
Nepal Kathmandu
Oman Peddler
Pakistan Islamabad
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
Russia* Moscow
Syria Damascus
Sri Lanka Kotte
Tajikistan Dushanbe
Thailand Bangkok
Timor-Leste * Dili
Turkmenistan Asgabat
Turkey* Ankara
Uzbekistan Tashkent
Vietnam Hanoi

Other territories

Unrecognized territories Taiwan and State of Palestine
Dependencies Cocos Islands and Christmas Island (Australia); Guam (United States); Acrothyria and Decelia and Indian Ocean Territory (United Kingdom).
Recognized special entities Hong Kong and Macau

* Countries whose territories are located on more than one continent, called transcontinental.

General Asia data

  • Gentile: Asian, Asian or Asian
  • Location: Asia is located between Europe, America, Africa and Oceania.
  • Countries: 49 countries (among them, some transcontinental, see COUNTRYAAH)
  • Largest country: Russia
  • Smallest country: Maldives
  • Area: 43,810,582 km 2
  • Population: 4,462,676,731 inhabitants

Regions of Asia

Due to the great extension and plurality of the Asian territory, culturally, economically, politically or socially, it was necessary to regionalize the continent in order to facilitate the analysis and studies of the areas. There is no single regionalization of Asia, so there is more than one denomination for the same area. One of the classifications divides the Asian continent into six major regions:

Region of the Commonwealth of Independent States

Region located in the north of the Asian continent, which covers the territories of nations that formerly belonged to the former Soviet Union, such as Armenia, Kosovo, Moldova, Russia, Azerbaijan.

Major Conflicts in Middle East

For centuries many conflicts have developed in this region, where there is contact between three continents. We can say that this is one of the most conflicting places in the world. It is noteworthy that most of them are related to religion, or rather to religious intolerance. We should also stress that much of the conflict involves the conquest of territories by the countries that make up the Middle East themselves.

In addition, the climatic conditions in the region make it dependent on exports of water and other products. One of the most notable is the conflict between Arabs and Jews that was intensified in modernity after the first world war. However, it was only after World War II that the UN decided to create a state for each of them. Given this proposal, Palestine was divided into two parts, one Jewish and one Arab.

As the Jews had a larger portion of the territory (about 57%), the Palestinians (Arabs) were unhappy with the sharing. Shortly thereafter, in 1948, the Jews created the State of Israel and the Arabs declared war. However, the Palestinians were defeated and as a result, the Jewish territory grew even more, by about 20%. Undoubtedly, this has still been one of the biggest reasons for the lasting conflicts over territory conquest in the region. Noteworthy is the Gaza Strip, a site disputed between Palestinians and Israelis.

Another conflict that deserves attention is between Sunnis and Shiites. Both are Muslims and have political and religious differences. This has led to increased tension in several Middle Eastern countries, notably Iran and Saudi Arabia. In addition, the site continues to be the target of various wars such as the Iraq War, the Syria War, the Gulf War, the Six Day War, etc. Roughly speaking, they were developed by a variety of political interests (including Russia and the United States) and by economic interests as the region has high economic potential.