Category Archives: Central Asia

Kazakhstan Country Overview

Kazakhstan is a presidential republic in Central Asia. The area west of the Ural River is part of Eastern Europe. The capital is called Nursultan. Large parts are occupied by lowlands and plains. The hill country of the Kazakh threshold rises in the central part and the glaciated high mountains of Tian Shan and Altai… Read More »

Kazakhstan Overview

Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia with a small part in Eastern Europe. It borders Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Russia. Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world. Capital: Astana Biggest city: Almaty State: republic Language: Kazakh, Russian Religion: Islam, Christian Orthodox Surface: 2 717 300 km² Population: 17.7 million (2013) Population density:… Read More »

Kyrgyzstan Overview

Kyrgyzstan is a coastal and hilly country in Central Asia, and one of the poorest countries to emerge from the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. After independence, the economy collapsed. The social safety net attached to factories and workplaces ceased to function when factories were closed. Unemployment and poverty increased significantly. Capital: Bishkek… Read More »

Turkmenistan Overview

Turkmenistan is located in southwestern Central Asia and borders Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well as the coast of the Caspian Sea. The area has been populated since ancient times. Capital: Ashgabat Biggest city: Ashgabat State: republic Language: Turkmen Surface: 488 100 km² Population: 5.2 million (2013) Population density: 10 residents per km² Life… Read More »

Tajikistan Overview

Tajikistan is located in Central Asia and is the poorest of the countries that emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Unemployment is very high, the social system has collapsed and there are major problems with food security. The majority of the population lives below the poverty line. The civil war that broke out… Read More »

Uzbekistan Overview

Uzbekistan is a coastal state in Central Asia bordering Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. The cities of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva were early important trading centers along the Silk Road. The area was for a long time part of the Persian Empire and was then called Sogdiana. Capital: Tashkent Biggest city: Tashkent State: republic… Read More »

Uzbekistan Population and Language

Uzbekistan is Central Asia’s most populous country. The population increase has been rapid, but has now declined somewhat. The country has a young population; more than a quarter of the population is under 15 years of age. The dominant population group is the uz cups, which make up around three quarters of the population. The… Read More »

Turkmenistan Population and Language

The population of Turkmenistan is concentrated to a strip of land in the west as well as to the river valleys and the area around the Karakum Canal. The majority of the residents are Turkmen, a people of mixed Turkish and Mongolian origin. Turkmen are also found in Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq and Syria. The… Read More »

Tajikistan Population and Language

More than four-fifths of the population identify themselves as ethnic Tajiks, a people of Persian origin. Of the others, the majority are uz cups. Most Russians left Tajikistan during the 1990s. Tajik is official language but Russian is still widely used. The population is young; just over a third are under 15 and only 3… Read More »

Kyrgyzstan Population and Language

Most of the people of Kyrgyzstan live in the northern part of the country, where the Kazakh steppe extends into the country. The Fergana valley in the southwest is also densely populated, as is the area around Lake Issyk-Kul. Nearly three-quarters of the population is Kyrgyz. The largest minority group are the uz cups. Russians… Read More »

Kazakhstan Population and Language

Kazakhstan is a sparsely populated country. Large population movements have changed the composition of the population over time. Ethnic diversity is large, but most of the ethnic groups are small. Today, more than two-thirds of the residents are estimated to be ethnic Kazakhs and just under one-fifth are Russians. The population declined steadily during the… Read More »

Afghanistan Population and Language

In the course of history, Afghanistan has been crossed by migrations and invading war armies, which has left traces in the composition of the population. Poor communication has helped to give different parts of the country distinctive ethnic and cultural features. The largest and traditionally politically dominant group is the Pashtuns. The area where most… Read More »