Maldives Overview

By | October 29, 2020

The Maldives is an island state in the Indian Ocean consisting of 1192 islands, of which about 250 are inhabited. The country became an independent state in 1965. Britain, which had been the Maldives’ last colonial power, maintained an air base on the island of Gan in the southernmost atoll until 1976. When the British left in 1976, speculation arose about the future of the air base. The Soviet Union asked to use it, but the Maldives refused.

Maldives flagMaldives 2

Capital: Male
Biggest city: Male
State: republic
Language: dhivehi
Surface: 298 km²
Population: 394 000 (2013)
Currency: rufiyah (MVR)
1 rufiyah = 0.54 kr
Time difference: +4 hours
National Day: July 26
Country area code: 960
2-Letter country abbreviation: MV (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: tourism, fishing, crafts
Climate: tropical; rainy season from May to August

The Maldives is 100 percent Sunni Muslim. The country’s main source of income is tourism and fishing. The Maldives is regarded by its residents as a modern capitalist state with a strong president and liberal religious thinking. The Maldives is the flattest country in the world, with a maximum natural elevation above sea level of 2.3 meters. During the last century, sea levels have risen by 20 centimeters, which in the long run threatens the mere existence of the Maldives.

The Maldives has 26 natural atolls which are divided into 20 administrative atolls and a city. Each administrative atoll is administered by an atoll chief (Atholhu Veriyaa) appointed by the president. Atoll chiefs rule according to the president’s order. Each island is governed by an island chief, who is also appointed by the president. The chief of the island’s superior is the atoll chief.


Electricity and electrical outlets in the Maldives

Voltage: 230 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: A, D, G, J, K

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.

Type A (NEMA 1-15)

NEMA 1-15, also called type A, is an unearthed two-plug socket that is used in e.g. North America and Japan. Note that new polarized contacts do not fit in older sockets. In Japan, there is also a new type of connector, JIS C 8303, which is different from the North American one. The Japanese work in all type A sockets, while the North American ones may need an adapter to work with JIS C 8303.

Type D (BS 546)

BS 546, also called type D, is an older British standard that is mainly used in countries that were previously ruled by the United Kingdom. Although type D is still allowed in the country, this is highly unusual. Instead, Britain has been using Type G since 1947.

Type G (BS 1363)

BS 1363, also called type G, is a British three-pronged plug.

Type J (SEV 1011)

SEV 1011, also called type J, is a Swiss standard. These electrical outlets also accept type C.

Type K (107-2-D1)

107-2-D1, also called type K, is a Danish standard. These electrical outlets also accept type C, E and F.


Weather in Malé

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 27
Day °C 30 30 31 31 31 30 30 30 30 30 30 29
Night °C 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 25 25 25 25 25
Rain (mm) 76 51 74 132 216 173 147 188 244 221 201 231


According to Countryaah, Malé is the capital of the Maldives and has 104,403 residents (2006), which is more than a quarter of the entire country’s residents. Male, located on the atoll of the same name, is the country’s only real city and seat of, among other things, the government, administration, courts and the country’s only hospital. It is also the country’s commercial center and main port with exports of coconuts, fish and breadfruit as well as boat connections with India and Sri Lanka.

As the island’s area is 1.8 square kilometers, Malé is one of the world’s most densely populated cities. In addition to all permanent residents, the city also receives over 170,000 tourists annually. This has meant that city planners have had to make the most of the small space and surrounding islands: one island for the city itself, one that serves as an international airport (Hulule), one as an oil reserve and finally an island for prison.