North America

By | November 2, 2021

North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere, located east of the Pacific Ocean, west of the Atlantic Ocean, south of the Arctic Ocean and north of the South American continent. Area approx. 24,200,000 km².

According to COUNTRYAAH, there are three major countries on the continent itself:

Canada, USA and Mexico

BAHAMAS

The Bahamas is an island state consisting of 700 islands (of which 30 inhabited) in the Atlantic Ocean southeast of Florida and north of Cuba. The capital is Nassau.

Abaco Islands
Andros, The Bahamas
Berry Islands
Bimini Islands
Cat Island
ELEUTHERA ISLAND
EXUMA ISLANDS
Grand Bahama
Harbor Island, Bahamas
Inagua ISLANDS
LITTLE San Salvador ISLAND
LITTLE Stirrup CAY
Long Island, Bahamas
New Providence Island
NORMAN’s Cay
Paradise Island
San Salvador ISLAND

CANADA

Canada is a federal state with ten provinces and three territories. The form of government is parliamentarism, and the prime minister is the head of government. The British monarch is formally the head of state. The border countries are the USA in the south and northwest (Alaska), and Greenland in the northeast. The coastline west of the country consists of the Pacific Ocean, east of the Atlantic Ocean and north of the Arctic Ocean. Canada is the world’s second largest country. English is spoken in most of Canada, but in the province of Quebec and New Brunswick, Ontario, or Manitoba, the main language is French, and the country is officially bilingual.

Off the east coast of Canada are:

Greenland, which is part of the Danish Commonwealth Saint Pierre and Miquelon, which is a French overseas territory.

Ten provinces of Canada:

ALBERTA
BRITISH COLUMBIA
MANITOBA
NEW BRUNSWICK
NEWFOUNDLAND and LABRADOR
NOVA SCOTIA
ONTARIO
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
QUEBEC
SASKATCHEWAN

Canada has three territories:

YUKON
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
NUNAVUT

MEXICO

Mexico or Mexico’s United States (in Spanish México or Estados Unidos Mexicanos; the alternative spelling Méjico is widespread in Spain but rarely used in the rest of the Spanish-speaking world) is a North American country bordering the United States to the north, towards south to Guatemala and Belize, west to the Pacific Ocean and east to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.

Mexico is divided into 31 states (estados) and a federal district (Distrito Federal), which is home to the capital Mexico City.

Aguascalientes
BAJA CALIFORNIA
BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR
CAMPECHE
CHIAPAS
CHIHUAHUA
COAHUILA
COLIMA
THE FEDERAL DISTRICT
DURANGO
GUANAJUATO
GUERRERO
HIDALGO
JALISCO
MÉXICO
Michoacan
MORELOS
NAYARIT
NUEVO LEÓN
OAXACA
PUEBLA
Queretaro
QUINTANA ROO
SAN LUIS POTOSI
SINALOA
SONORA
TABASCO
TAMAULIPAS
TLAXCALA
VERACRUZ
Yucatan
ZACATECAS

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States (English: United States of America), is a democratic federal republic consisting of 50 states, a federal district (the capital Washington DC) and 14 territories. The 48 states and Washington DC lie as a single land area in central North America, bounded on either side by the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, respectively, and bordering Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is located in the northwestern corner of North America with Canada to the east and Russia to the west on the other side of the Bering Strait, and in the middle of the Pacific Ocean is the state of Hawaii.

List of states:

ALABAMA
ALASKA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
HAWAII
IDAHO
ILLINOIS
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK
NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN
WYOMING

Inhabited Possessions and Federal Districts:

AMERICAN SAMOA
GUAM
NORTHERN MARIANS
PUERTO RICO
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS
WASHINGTON DC

Off the east coast of the United States are:

BERMUDA (British)

BERMUDA

Bermuda is an archipelago consisting of 181 islands that form a fishing hook-like land mass that extends about 35.5 km in length and 1.7 km across the Atlantic Ocean. Bridges and dams connect the eight largest islands.

The archipelago is part of British overseas territory in the North Atlantic east of the United States, and is thus not part of the Caribbean. The islands are located about 1070 km east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.

The capital is Hamilton. The islands are part of a large coral reef. Bermuda is included as one corner of the Bermuda Triangle, the other two corners are Miami, Florida and San Juan, Puerto Rico.

The weather on the archipelago is subtropical with 30 degrees on average in summer and 13 degrees in winter.

TIMELINE:

1505 – The island was discovered by Captain Juan de Bermúdez, after whom the islands are named. The islands were uninhabited at the time of discovery and were annexed by him to the Spanish Empire, without ever setting foot on the island (1515), due to the surrounding coral reefs and bad weather conditions.

1609 – The island is annexed by the Virginia Company on behalf of the British throne. The fleet of a total of nine ships, led by Sir George Somers on Sea Venture, set off from the new English colony of Jamestown in Virginia. The fleet was caught in a storm and Sea Venture was separated from the other ships. When eastern Bermuda was discovered, they set course for the coral reefs to deliberately avoid the ship sinking further after the storm damage. All 150 on board were thus rescued and they spent the next 10 months on the island.

1612 – Viginia Company led by Sir Richard Moore (became the first governor), sent 60 settlers to Bermuda and established Saint George as the capital (the oldest city today in America) until 1815. The island was resold to the Bermuda Company.

1616 – Slaves are brought to Bermuda.

1684 – The British government takes control of the Bermuda Company.

1707 – The islands are officially incorporated into Britain by the amalgamation of English and Scottish dominions.

1730 – On June 21, the slave known as Sally Bassett is burned at the stake after being found guilty of poisoning several people. The trial against her has sometimes been called a witch hunt. A legend says that in the remains of her ashes was found a purple flower named Bermudiana ( Sisyrinchium bermudiana ). Before her death, Sally had told that a sign of her innocence could be found after her death. A historian explained that the execution may have inspired the slave revolt in the West Indies.

1775 – During the American Revolutionary War, the Continental Congress imposes a trade embargo on Britain and the colonies. Bermuda was offered an exemption against gunpowder stored in St. Bermuda. George was to be sent to America.

1813 – Bermuda’s first post office is established.

1815 – The capital is moved from Saint George to Hamilton

1834 – Slavery is abolished.

1844 – The Gibbs Hill lighthouse was cast in steel and is one of the first tallest lighthouses in the world to be cast in steel – due to the fact that cast iron at that time could not yet be bent.

1864 – The people of Bermuda earn a fortune by ferrying supplies to the Southern Army during the American Civil War.

1907 – Crystal Cave is one of the island’s many underground caves located near Castle Habour in Hamilton Parish. It has been a popular tourist attraction since 1907.

1930 – Bermuda begins advertising with its summer tourist attractions.

1931-1948 – Bermuda’s railway is put into operation.

1938 – A flight route between Bermuda and New York is established.

1941 – The United States leases much of the island for 99 years and begins building military installations.

1944 – Women’s suffrage is granted.

1946 – It was only allowed to own 1 car per. family.

1949 – UFO MYTH: Possibly the most famous UFO sighting in Bermuda took place on June 20, when a luminous spherical object was seen by an architect, his wife and two friends flying past on the horizon in a southerly direction. The observation lasted 15 minutes until the sphere suddenly stroked directly into the air and disappeared within a few seconds.

1953 – The term ” Bermuda Shorts ” for knee-length shorts was first registered this year.

1957 – The British Army withdraws.

1959 – Blacks boycott cinemas, forcing their owners to end segregation.

1963 – First political party established.

1964 – MYTH: The name Bermuda Triangle, allegedly an area of ​​the Atlantic Ocean with unexplained disasters or disappearances, was first highlighted (and invented) by Vincent Gaddis in Argosy magazine, where he described the three boundaries of the triangle in Miami, Florida, San Juan in Puerto Rico and Bermuda in the Mid- Atlantic. He was also the one who suggested that Atlantis was real and connected to the triangle. But 14 years earlier, Edward Van Winkle Jones wrote an article in The Miami Heraldon September 17, 1950 and 2 years later, Fate magazine published the story ” Sea Mystery at Our Back Door “, a short article by George X Sand about the loss of several pilots and ships, including Flight-19, a group of bombers that disappeared during a training mission on December 5, 1945.

1965 – The Bermuda Regiment is formed.

1967 FILM: The James Bond movie ” You Only Live Twice ” was partially filmed off the coast of Bermuda with the submarine popping up to the surface with the rubber raft on top.

1968 – A new constitution is introduced, internal self-government is established, and the United Bermuda Party wins the first election under the Constitution.

1973 – Governor Richard Sharples and Auxiliary Captain Hugh Sayers are shot and killed outside his home on March 10, while airing the governor’s dog, by assassins associated with the black militia Black Power group on the island, called the Black Beret Cadre.

1977 – On December 2, Larry Tackle and Erskine “Buck” Burrows are executed by hanging for the assassination of Governor Sharples. Widespread riots occurred shortly after.

1980 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono arrive in Bermuda in June after surviving a tropical storm. This experience marked the end of Lennon’s 10 year long writing block and led to his last solo album, Double Fantasy, after being inspired by the coast of Bermuda. The couple end up spending two months at Fairylands. John Lennon was shot and killed in New York on December 8, 1980. Read more here and here.

1981 – Human rights are adopted and racial discrimination is banned. Read here.

1991 – In June, Michael Jackson, along with Macaulay Culkin and another friend’s family, visited the Hamilton Princess Hotel for a few weeks. Read more here about their friendship.

1995 – The US and British navies close the bases and at the same time a referendum is held on independence, but the majority opposes it.

2000 – A UNESCO World Heritage Site adds Saint George to its list.

2003 – Hurricane Fabian hits Bermuda, causing more than $ 300 million in damage but only four deaths.

2004 – The Anti-Terrorism Act is approved – the purpose was to stop terrorists from abusing sea areas far from the coast for financial industries.

North America