Pakistan Overview

By | October 29, 2020

Pakistan is located in southern Asia and is the sixth most populous country in the world. Pakistan borders India, China, Afghanistan and Iran, and has a coastline facing the Arabian Sea.

Pakistan flagPakistan 2

Capital: Islamabad
Biggest city: Karachi
State: Federal Islamic Republic
Language: urdu, english
Religion: Islam
Surface: 803 940 km²
Population: 190.7 million (2013)
Population density: 217 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 65 years
Illiteracy: 50%
Currency: pakistani rupee (PKR)
1 rupee = 0.08 kr
GDP per capita: $ 2,700 (2010)
Time difference: +4 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: March 23
Country area code: 92
2-Letter country abbreviation: PK (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: agriculture 50%, service sector 38%, industry 12%
Climate: predominantly dry; temperate in the northwest, cold and snowy in the mountains

The geographical area of ​​present-day Pakistan has been a place for agricultural cultures for several millennia. From the middle of the 2000s BC. and an estimated 1000 years ahead, the Indus culture dominated with its cities Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. This culture is believed to have significantly influenced the later immigrant Indo-Aryans.

Pakistan was formed in connection with the division of British India into the secular but Hindu-dominated Federal Republic of India and the Muslim Republic of Pakistan, respectively.

The province of East Pakistan broke away after a civil war in 1971 and formed the new state of Bangladesh. In recent years, Pakistan has been at the center of major politics, first through its support for the guerrilla movement in Afghanistan, after the Soviet invasion in 1979, and then during the 1990s through cooperation with and support for the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Under the current government of the 21st century, the country has since largely supported Western wars against fundamentalist Muslim terrorism, including the removal of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.

Tourism in Pakistan is growing, based on the country’s different cultures, peoples and landscapes. In Pakistan, there are several mountain peaks that attract mountaineers from all over the world. K2, the world’s second highest mountain peak, is the most famous for the public.


The following objects in Pakistan are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Ruins of Mohenjo-Daro (1980)
  • Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi Buddhist monastery and of the city of Sahr-i-Bahlol (1980)
  • Ruins of Taxila (1980)
  • The Fortress and Shalamar Gardens of Lahore (1981)
  • Remains of the city of Thatta and its burial ground (1981)
  • Rohtas Fort (1997)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Pakistan

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, D

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.

Type C (Europlug)

Europlug is a European standard (EN 50075) for sockets. It is designed to be used in most electrical outlets in Europe, with the exception of the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Type D (BS 546)

BS 546, also called type D, is an older British standard that is mainly used in countries that were previously ruled by the United Kingdom. Although type D is still allowed in the country, this is highly unusual. Instead, Britain has been using Type G since 1947.


Weather in Islamabad

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 10 13 17 24 29 31 30 29 27 23 16 12
Day °C 16 20 25 31 36 38 35 34 33 30 23 18
Night °C 3 5 9 16 21 24 24 24 21 15 8 5
Rain (mm) 40 40 30 30 40 50 100 100 50 20 10 40
Rainy days 7 7 10 8 7 7 13 14 7 3 3 5
Soltim / day 8 8 10 11 13 13 12 11 11 11 9 8


According to Countryaah, Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan, with 901,137 residents (1998). The city was built in the late 1960s to replace Karachi as the country’s capital. The famous city planner Constantinos A. Doxiadis was responsible for the construction of the new city.

Islamabad is a modern and, given the country’s economic and social situation, a modern and very clean city. The city is well organized, with divisions into sectors with their own mosques and marketplaces. Here is the well-known and huge Faisal Mosque, and the University of Quaid-i-Azam.


Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan and has 11.9 million residents (2006). Karachi is Pakistan’s financial and commercial center, and has an important port in the region. The city accounts for the largest share of Pakistan’s GDP and accounts for 65 percent of the country’s revenue. Karachi has the highest per capita income in South Asia and is the core of the regional business and technology operations. Literacy is among the highest in the country, and the city is also home to prominent academic institutions and research.


Lahore is Pakistan’s second largest city, with a population of 6.3 million (2007). It is located on the Ravi River and about 30 km from the border with India. The city has a broad industrial sector with, among other things, a significant textile industry. Lahore is home to Pakistan’s oldest university and an archeological museum.