Singapore Overview

Singapore Overview

Singapore consists of 63 islands, including the main island, and is the second most densely populated independent country in the world after Monaco. It borders Malaysia to the north and is otherwise surrounded by the Singapore Strait. The country has a sea border with Indonesia.

Singapore flag Singapore 2

Capital: Singapore
Biggest city: Singapore
State: republic
Language: English, Chinese, Malay, Tamil
Religion: Taoism, Buddhism, Islam
Surface: 692 km²
Population: 5.4 million (2013)
Population density: 6,724 residents per km²
Expectancy: 82 years
Illiteracy: 7%
Currency: Singaporean dollar (SGD)
1 dollar = 6.17 kr
GDP per capita: $ 52,800 (2010)
Time difference: +7 hours
Electricity: 220/240 V AC, 50 Hz
National Day: 9th of August
Country area code: 65
2-Letter country abbreviation: SG (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 70%, industry 29%, agriculture 1%
Climate: tropical

Singapore was formerly a Malay fishing village when it was colonized by Britain in the 19th century. It was occupied by Japan during World War II and was later part of the merger that established the Federation of Malaysia. When Singapore became independent, it was socio-politically unstable and economically underdeveloped, as it had few natural resources. Foreign investment and rapid state-controlled industrialization have since created an economy based on the export of electronics and manufactured goods, mainly from its port.

According to the Quality of Life Index compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, Singapore has the highest standard of living in Asia, ranking 11th in the world. In the UN’s more famous HDI index, Singapore comes in 25th place, after only Japan and Hong Kong in Asia. Measured by GDP per capita, Singapore is the 22nd richest country. The comparatively high ranking of the Economist Intelligence Unit reflects the importance that this index places on stable family life and low levels of crime.

Singapore is being developed into the water with the help of land taken from its own hills, seabed and neighboring countries. As a result, Singapore grew from 581.5 km2 in the 1960s to 697.2 km2 today, and can grow another 100 km2 until 2030. Approximately 23 percent of Singapore’s land area, despite the large urbanization, consists of forests and nature reserves.

According to Countryaah, Singapore is a popular destination and tourism is one of the country’s largest industries. The Orchard Road district, dominated by shopping malls and multi-storey hotels, is the center of tourism in Singapore. Other popular tourist destinations include Singapore Zoo and Sentosa Island. To attract more tourists, the government decided in 2005 to legalize gambling and allow two casinos.


Electricity and electrical outlets in Singapore

Voltage: 230 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: G

Need an adapter: Yes, Swedes need an adapter.

Type G (BS 1363)

BS 1363, also called type G, is a British three-pronged plug.


Weather in Singapore

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 28 28 29 30 30 30 30 29 29 29 29 29
Day °C 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 30 29
Night °C 23 24 24 24 25 24 24 24 24 24 24 23
Rain (mm) 238 165 174 166 171 163 150 171 163 191 250 269