Tajikistan Overview

By | October 29, 2020

Tajikistan is located in Central Asia and is the poorest of the countries that emerged from the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Unemployment is very high, the social system has collapsed and there are major problems with food security. The majority of the population lives below the poverty line. The civil war that broke out a year after independence in 1991 and lasted until 1997 further aggravated the situation.

Tajikistan flagTajikistan 2

Capital: Dusjanbe
Biggest city: Dusjanbe
State: republic
Language: Tajik
Religion: Islam
Surface: 143 100 km²
Population: 8.1 million (2013)
Population density: 51 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 65 years
Illiteracy: 1%
Currency: somoni (TJS)
1 somoni = 0.95 kr
GDP per capita: $ 2,200 (2010)
Time difference: +4 hours
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50Hz
National Day: September 9th
Country area code: 992
2-Letter country abbreviation: TJ (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: agriculture 43%, service sector 35%, industry 22%
Climate: mild winters and hot summers in the valleys and on the plains; drier and much colder in the mountains

Just under 10 percent of the country’s area is arable land and the most important crop is cotton. The only industries are a large aluminum factory, hydropower plants and a small industry, mainly in the food industry. Almost all drugs from Afghanistan to Russia are smuggled through Tajikistan. Of all drug seizures in Central Asia, 80 percent are made in Tajikistan.


The following objects in Tajikistan are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • Sarazm, ancient city and archaeological site (2010)
  • Tajikistan National Park, in the Pamir Mountains (2013)


Electricity and electrical outlets in Tajikistan

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: C, I

Need an adapter: No, you do not need an adapter.

Type C (Europlug)

Europlug is a European standard (EN 50075) for sockets. It is designed to be used in most electrical outlets in Europe, with the exception of the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Type I (AS / NZS 3112)

AS / NZS 3112, also called type I, is a standard for sockets in Australia, New Zealand and several of the countries around the Pacific Ocean.


Weather in Dushanbe

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C -1 1 7 15 20 25 27 25 19 12 5 0
Day °C 3 5 13 22 27 32 34 32 28 20 11 5
Night °C -5 -3 2 9 13 17 19 17 11 6 0 -3
Rain (mm) 18 21 25 23 22 11 5 3 6 17 18 24
Rainy days 4 7 10 10 13 10 8 5 4 6 7 6


According to Countryaah, Dushanbe is the capital of Tajikistan, and has 661,100 residents (2006). The city is located about 800 meters above sea level in the Gissardalen southwest of the Alai mountain range. The Dushanbinka River flows through the city.

The city has many parks and green areas that attract many visitors. A 30 meter high monument to the great leader of the Samanids Ismail Samani is a popular tourist destination. The National Museum of Tajikistan houses Central Asia’s largest Buddha statue, a 14-meter-long reclining Buddha.