United Arab Emirates Overview

By | October 29, 2020

The United Arab Emirates is a state on the Arabian Peninsula, the southernmost end of the Persian Gulf, in southwest Asia. The United Arab Emirates is a federal state (federation) between seven emirates; Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. The federation borders Oman and Saudi Arabia.

United Arab Emirates flagUnited Arab Emirates 2

Capital: Abu Dhabi
Biggest city: Dubai
State: federal state of sheikhs
Language: Arabic
Religion: Islam
Surface: 82 880 km²
Population: 9.3 million (2013)
Population density: 58 residents per km²
Life expectancy: 76 years
Illiteracy: 22%
Currency: UAE Dirham (AED)
1 UAE Dirham = $ 2.28
GDP per capita: $ 36,200 (2010)
Time difference: +3 hours
Electricity: 220/240 V AC, 50 Hz
National Day: December 2
Country area code: 971
2-Letter country abbreviation: AE (See more abbreviations on Abbreviationfinder)
Business: service sector 57%, industry 38%, agriculture 5%
Climate: predominantly dry; cooler in the mountains to the east

The boundaries between Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates from 1974 and 1977 were never made public, therefore the exact border between the countries is known only to the respective governments.

There is an Omani enclave inside the United Arab Emirates, called Madha, and is located halfway between the Musandam Peninsula and the rest of Oman, on the road between Dubai and Hatta in the Emirate of Sharjah. It covers about 75 km2 and the border was decided in 1969. Inside the enclave there is an exclave to the United Arab Emirates called Nahwa, this also belongs to Sharjah. The exclave is located about eight kilometers west of the city of New Madha, and consists of about 40 houses and a local hospital and telephone exchange.

The economy is dominated by oil extraction and trade. Surpluses from the oil industry have been invested in infrastructure and are used to pay for public spending on health care, education and defense instead of taxes. The remaining surplus has been invested in large government oil funds that invest in securities and real estate within and outside the country.

As one of the world’s financial centers with enormous financial resources, Emirates Dubai’s airline Emirates has quickly become one of the world’s most profitable and larger companies. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi responded by forming the airline Etihad Airways, which has quickly opened new routes around the world. They invest heavily in the aviation industry and Sharjah has distinguished itself as one of the world’s largest airports for cargo flights, Dubai is one of the world’s fastest growing airports and both are a couple of miles apart.


The following objects in the United Arab Emirates are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The year in which the item was added to the list is indicated in parentheses.

  • The desert city of Al Ain, Abu Dhabi (2011)


Electricity and electrical outlets in the United Arab Emirates

Voltage: 220 V

Frequency: 50 Hz

Type of plug: G

Need an adapter: Yes, Swedes need an adapter.


Weather in Abu Dhabi

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Christmas Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature °C 22 21 22 25 29 31 32 33 33 31 28 25
Day °C 24 25 29 33 38 40 42 42 40 36 31 26
Night °C 12 14 17 20 23 25 28 29 26 22 18 15
Rain (mm) 10 20 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Rainy days 6 3 6 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
Soltim / day 9 11 11 11 13 13 12 12 12 11 10 10

Abu Dhabi

According to Countryaah, Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates. Abu Dhabi is also the name of the largest of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. The city is located on a T-shaped peninsula in the Persian Gulf. The city has almost 1 million residents (2008), of which about 80 percent are foreign guest workers.


Dubai can either refer to one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates on the Arabian Peninsula or the capital of the emirate, sometimes called “Dubai city”, to separate them. Arabic has been the official language since 2008, while English is the lingua franca. All road signs are in both English and Arabic, but the cars’ registration numbers are now only in Latin letters and numbers.

Dubai has the world’s three tallest hotels: Jumeirah Emirates Towers (309 meters), Burj Al Arab (321 meters) and Rose Tower (333 meters). The Burj Dubai Skyscraper is the tallest building in the world. Dubai has one of the world’s largest indoor ski slopes, Ski Dubai, which is 400 meters long and 85 meters high.

Dubai has the world’s largest artificial land masses in the ocean: Palm Jumeirah (5 kilometers long, and shaped like a palm tree), Palm Jebel Ali (7.5 kilometers long, and the other in “The Palm Trilogy”). Construction is currently underway on Palm Deira, which will be 12.5 kilometers long. The island is much larger than the other island projects in Dubai and can therefore take much longer to complete.

The World is an artificial archipelago consisting of 300 islands that together form a world atlas. The archipelago was completed in January 2008 and is located 4 kilometers off the coast of Dubai. The world atlas, which is built approximately on a scale of 1: 3000, is 9 km times 7 km in size and is surrounded by a 27 km long breakwater. The total coastline is 230 km.
Dubai’s economy is driven by trade, financial services and tourism. Trade has a long tradition in Dubai as an important port for Western producers. Today, the port of Jebel Ali, built in the 1970s, is the largest built port in the world. Dubai is also in the process of becoming a regional center for IT and finance through so-called free zones such as the Dubai Financial Center and Dubai Internet City. The major investment in tourism through giant projects such as Dubailand makes tourism an increasingly strong source of income.