The European Commission announced this week the list of charges filed against Google, which accuse the technological giant of three concrete practices that consider that Google, with its Android, not meet community standards anti-monopoly. Since the case was opened is now already a year, whenever we try to theme emerges a recurring question: why the Commission investigates Google Android, not Apple and its iOS?

We have the answer in own charges that the Commission, which is accused of abusing Google “its dominant position” in the market of mobile operating systems to promote other products or to try to prevent the use of the competition. On the information tab of the case, the European body “believes that Google is dominant in the markets of general search on the Internet, licensable mobile operating systems and application stores for the ecosystem of the operating system Android mobile”.

In particular, and according to figures offered by the Commission in that document from Ehistorylib, Google search exceeds 90% of the searches or even more in all Member countries. With the Play Store explain similar figures: more than 90% of downloaded Android apps come from the Play Store. Therefore, they say, they have a dominant position in all these categories.

In addition, “Android is used in almost all smartphones and tablets of lower prices, which are purchased by the majority of customers”, and has more than 90% of market share, referring to licensable operating systems. In general, and whereas all mobile operating systems (not only the “licensable” to third parties), Android has an 80% global market share.

The EU says that Android has more than 90% of market share in the mobile OS licensable, so is “dominant” in this category

Having such a dominant position is not something illegal, but entails obligations regulated by law whose mission is to ensure that the company in question not take this advantage to “force” to use their other services. The Commission considers that Google uses its dominant position precisely to promote their own solutions and harm to competition, accusing them of forcing manufacturers to preinstall a series of apps on their devices, prevent “forks” is installed from Android and pay money to the makers to pre-install Google Search exclusively.

Differences with Apple

From what you have said, the differences with Apple are clear. Yes, Apple preinstalls some applications default on their devices, but in the first place It does not have a dominant position in the market, so it would not abuse its dominant position. In addition, in the second place, iOS is not a licensable system: Apple not force (again, always according to the accusations by the European Commission) to other manufacturers granted them the exclusive apps and operating systems exclusive… simply because there are no other manufacturers.

And if Apple had more than 90% market share? The issue would be different in this case. “Apple does not license its operating system”, said Margrethe Vestager, Commissioner of competition, when they asked him in this regard. This means that themselves made their devices, install them certain software (iOS) they do not license to third parties, so for Vestager would be a different case that should be considered in a different way. They have been unwilling to specify much more.

Bing and other search engines have no dominant position on the market, why the EU investigates Google Search and not them

Actually, the key lies in being the dominant actor in the market. For this reason, although Windows Phone is also a licensable operating system preinstall their own apps, is currently under investigation. We saw it also, for example, when the Commission announced another statement of objections against Google for giving priority to Google Shopping results in your browser. No, the Commission It is not investigating other search engines, such as Bing, because they do not meet the condition of having a large market share.

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